Roads - Noise, Environmental & Health and Safety Issues
Roads are noisy and dangerous places for both people and animals, or rather it is the vehicles which travel along the roads which create the danger. Numerous risks and hazards to health and safety exist, not to mention environmental issues which also have a knock-on effect upon the wellbeing of living creatures.
Health and Safety Risks
The most immediate health and safety danger involves a collision, either between two or more vehicles or between a vehicle and a cyclist or pedestrian. The seriousness of these incidents has resulted in numerous measures being created and introduced to try and keep all road and pavement users safer including:
- Better impact protection on cars can protect occupants in the event of a collision with another vehicle or object
- Lower speed limits in certain areas such as built-up zones where pedestrians and cyclists are more likely to be present
- Greater enforcement of speed limits through the use of fixed speed cameras
- Traffic calming measures in built-up areas such as humps and chicanes
- Introduction of dedicated cycle lanes to segregate cyclists and motorists
Pollution also Creates a Danger to Health and Safety and the Environment
The majority of road users will be vehicles powered by traditional combustion engines that will give off toxic exhaust gases which contain substances such as carbon monoxide and other hazardous fumes. Not only will these gases be damaging to the environment as they rise into the atmosphere, but they also pose a threat to the health and safety of people who breathe in the gases. This is especially the case in built up cities where not only are there a lot of vehicles often stuck in traffic jams, but the exhaust fumes can be prevented from quickly dispersing by the presence of tall buildings on both sides of the road.
Noise Nuisance from Roads
Most vehicles travelling along roads are noisy, which can be a particular nuisance for those who live next to a busy road, not to mention dangerous for them as they walk near their house or have to exit their driveway onto the carriageway. Whilst some will have been aware of the road before they moved in, others may find that a new road is constructed near to where they live or an existing one upgraded to carry more traffic. This can be particularly distressing as not only does it create a greater danger, it also creates a lot of noise and can lower house prices. As such the building of a new road can be particularly distressing for the residents already living in the location.